VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN IN LAC STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
UN Children's Fund
Panama
hace 3 días
source : ReliefWeb

The UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR CONSULTANT

VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN IN LAC STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

Level of experience : Junior 1-3yrs Medium X 4-10yrs Senior more than 10yrs

Location : UNICEF Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean LACRO

Language(s) required : Fluency (oral and written), required in Spanish and English

Closing date for applying to this consultancy : 12 November 2018

Estimated start date of this consultancy : 1 December 2018 Estimated end date : 30 May 2019

BACKGROUND AND JUSTIFICATION

The protection of children from all forms of violence is a fundamental right guaranteed by the Convention on the Rights of the Child and other international human rights treaties and standards.

Yet violence remains an all-too-real part of life for children around the globe regardless of their economic and social circumstances, culture, religion or ethnicity with both immediate and long-

term consequences. Children who have been severely abused or neglected are often hampered in their development, experience learning difficulties and perform poorly at school.

They may have low self-esteem and suffer from depression, which can lead, at worst, to risk behavior and self-harm. End of all forms of violence against children has been made an explicit target within SDG 16 (target 16.

2 calls for ending abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence and torture against children ).

Analyzing regional patterns of violence against children as well as attitudes and social norms related to VAC in Latin American the Caribbean could light on an issue that has remained largely undocumented.

Using available data to make violence against children and its many ramifications more visible will bring about a fuller understanding of its magnitude and nature and offering clues to its prevention.

Violence against children takes many forms, including physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, and may involve neglect or deprivation.

Violence occurs in many settings, including the home, school, community and over the Internet. Similarly, a wide range of perpetrators commit violence against children, such as family members, intimate partners, teachers, neighbors, strangers and other children.

To fully understand to what extent violence is suffered by children and adolescents in LAC, different forms of violence and settings should be explored :

Violent discipline at home is the most common form of violence experienced by children. While teaching children self-control and acceptable behavior is an integral part of child rearing in all cultures, many caregivers rely on the use of violent methods, both physical and psychological, to punish unwanted behaviors and encourage desired ones.

The availability of comparable data on caregivers’ use of violent discipline has significantly increased in the past two decades, mainly through the inclusion of a module on disciplinary methods in household surveys such as MICS or Demographic and Health surveys.

20 countries in the region currently have data to report on the SDG indicator 16.2.1 Proportion of children who experienced any physical punishment and / or psychological aggression by caregivers in the past month collected through the child discipline module developed by the MICS programme.

  • Peer violence - Once children enter school, friendships and interactions with peers take on an increasingly important role in their lives.
  • These relationships have the potential to contribute to a child’s sense of well-being and to social competence, but they are also associated with exposure to new forms of victimization.

    Although peer violence can take many forms, available data suggest that bullying by schoolmates is by far the most common.

  • Sexual violence is one of the most unsettling of children’s rights violations. As such, it is the subject of dedicated international legal instruments aimed at protecting children against its multiple forms.
  • Although children of every age are susceptible, adolescence is a period of pronounced vulnerability, especially for girls.

  • Intimate partner violence includes any physical, sexual or emotional abuse perpetrated by a current or former partner within the context of marriage, cohabitation or any other formal or informal union.
  • In the LAC region where 1 out of 4 women are married before age 18, intimate partner violence is suffered daily by many adolescent girls below 18.

  • Violent death - As girls and boys move through adolescence, they begin to spend increasing amounts of time in an ever-
  • expanding social environment within and beyond their immediate networks, interacting with a wider array of people. The increased risk of victimization during adolescence is evident when looking at age-

    related patterns of deaths due to violence. As children enter the second decade of their lives, the mortality rate from violence more than doubles what it had been during their first 10 years of life.

    Latin America and the Caribbean is the only region that has seen an increase (albeit relatively small) in homicide rates among adolescents aged 10 to 19 since 2007.

    Slightly less than 10% of the world’s adolescents live in the region, but nearly half of all homicides among adolescents in 2015 occurred in the region.

    Other type of violence experienced by children for which little information is available in the region such as neglect, institutional violence or Internet-

    related abuse such as cyberbullying or sex-testing)

    Preventing violence against children also requires a major shift in what societies regard as acceptable practices. Beyond prevalence of VAC, analyzing current attitudes and the impact of social norms when it comes to violence, it is necessary to better understand the phenomenon.

    Sources of information

    In order to provide quantitative information on these areas, the consultant will use a mix of sources. Given the general lack of uniformity in the way data on violence against children are collected, one important source will be the information gathered through internationally comparable sources, including

  • the UNICEF-supported Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS).
  • the US Agency for International Development (USAID)-supported Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS)
  • The CDC-supported Reproductive Health Surveys
  • Violence against children surveys supported by CDC and Together for Girls;.
  • the WHO-supported Global School-based Student Health Surveys (GSHS)
  • Global Health Estimates produced by WHO (to estimate violent deaths)

    The consultant is also expected to use country-specific surveys that can provide information on any of the covered areas (such as adolescents surveys, VAW or victimization surveys).

    For further information on the available comparable data and methods of calculation, see United Nations Children’s Fund, A Familiar Face : Violence in the lives of children and adolescents, UNICEF, New York, 2017 and United Nations

    Children’s Fund, Hidden in Plain Sight : A statistical analysis of violence against children, UNICEF, New York, 2014.

    PURPOSE OF THE JOB

    Under the joint supervision of the Regional Monitoring Specialist and the Regional Child Protection Specialist, UNICEF LAC RO is looking for a qualified and experienced professional to : a) Conduct in-

    depth statistical analyses on the prevalence of the different types of violence in LAC region based on household, school surveys and administrative data b) Produce a final report with the main findings and recommendations that includes regional aggregates as well as country estimations c) Produce data snapshots on violence data for all countries in the region.

    This consultancy aims at providing an overall picture of the violence experience by children in LAC region based on the available comparable data and relevant data collection initiatives conducted in the country.

    To respond to this technical needs, the Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Office (LACRO) is hiring a social researcher with solid analytical skills on Violence data based on surveys and administrative data.

    This analysis aims to inform child protection specialists in UNICEF LAC Region, as well as national government counterparts, academia, organizations, and agencies working on eradicating violence against children

    MAIN TASKS RELATED TO THE JOB

  • Identify the relevant sources and more updated information and develop a detailed an Analysis Plan of current and suggest a content for the final report.
  • The analysis plan should include an equity analysis of the different sources of information available to highlight existing disparities as well as undertaking bivariate and multivariate analysis aimed at finding correlations among different components that may influence violence.

    The consultant is expected to collect and systematize available quantitative data on violence against children in LAC countries to :

  • Conduct a comparative cross-country equity analysis of prevalence of different type of VAC across dimensions such as age, wealth, parental education, ethnicity, disability and other relevant characteristics
  • Estimate regional averages for those indicators for which the availability and the comparability of the data allow it.
  • Generate multivariate analysis to identify protector and risk factors to be exposed to violence
  • Analyze the effects of violent disciplining practices on early childhood development;
  • All estimates produced through household’s surveys should be presented with the sampling errors (whenever is possible).
  • The consultant will produce a final report that should be an analytical document of maximum 50 pages that includes a narrative highlighting the most relevant findings accompanied of graphs and tables and a statistical annex.
  • Produce a template of VAC statistics snapshot and populate it with available data in LAC countries.
  • DELIVERABLES TIMELINE AND PAYMENT

    The duration for the contract is estimated to be 6 months starting on the date of the signature of the contract.

    Payments will be made by UNICEF upon its review and approval of the deliverables submitted by the consultant. The payment and deliverable schedule will be as follows :

  • By end of Month 1 : Inception report that includes a detailed methodology plan for the analysis specifying the indicators that will be studied, the main data sources, the type of analysis and the level of disaggregation that will be considered.
  • It should also include the list of datasets that will be included in the analysis (10%)

  • By the end of the month 3 Progress report that includes all statistical analysis (bivariate and multivariate) included in the analysis plan and template for the country scorecard (30%)
  • By the end of month 5- Draft report and country scorecard submitted to LAC RO for review and conduct a consultation process with relevant experts on VAC and Child Rights monitoring (35%)
  • By the end of month 6- Final report (including an executive summary) and country scorecards incorporating feedback received by Experts and Country offices and a PWP presentation with the main findings (25%)
  • The final report should have the following characteristics :

  • Description of the methodology implemented
  • Description of the results
  • Tables and graphs with the results.
  • Key Findings and recommendations.
  • The report should be organized by chapters and should include an executive summary
  • The document can be in English or Spanish
  • QUALIFICATIONS AND SPECIALIZED KNOWLEDGE / EXPERIENCE REQUIRED

    Education

    Master’s Degree or equivalent in a field related to Social Sciences, Demography, Statistics, Epidemiology, or other related technical field with significant measurement or analysis component.

    Skills and Experience

  • Minimum 8 years of experience in the quantitative analysis of household and school surveys.
  • Expertise in statistical analyses (familiarity with data processing and data analysis software)
  • Strong conceptual and analytical skills
  • Knowledge of the LAC region and experience analyzing data on Violence against children
  • Languages

  • Fluency in Spanish or English is required. Knowledge of both language is an asset.
  • CONSULTANTS WORK PLACE

    The consultant could work from his / her home. No travel is required in this consultancy.

    EVALUATION METHOD AND CRITERIA

    Consultants will be evaluated based on a cumulative methodology, being the award of the contract made to the candidate whose offer has been evaluated and determined as :

  • 1. Responsive / compliant / acceptable, and;
  • 2. Having received the highest score out of a pre-determined set of weighted technical and financial criteria specific to the solicitation.

    Only candidates obtaining a minimum of 65 points (of the total technical points) would be considered for the Financial Evaluation.

    Technical Component

    For the technical assessment candidates must send :

  • curriculum vitae
  • short methodological note suggested for the consultancy (maximum 3 pages) with timeline based on their availability.
  • Financial proposal for completing the assignment.
  • 3 contact references from previous work experience.
  • One example (publication) of similar work
  • Education

    Master’s Degree or equivalent in Social Sciences, Demography, Statistics, Epidemiology, or other related technical field with significant measurement or analysis component is required.

    Work Experience

    At least 8 years’ experience in the coordination and / or management of quantitative household surveys.

    Knowledge

    Expertise in statistical analyses (familiarity with data processing and data analysis software, SPSS highly desirable)

    Analytical and writing skills in Spanish or English

    Experience analyzing data on VAC

    Knowledge of the LAC region

    Total Maximum obtained for Technical Criteria

    Note : the total maximum score must be equivalent to the weight assigned to the technical score)

    Minimum score for technical compliance

    Financial Proposal

    A financial proposal that includes the daily fee for the assignment and number of days available per year must be submitted.

    The total amount of points allocated for the economic component is 20. The maximum number of points will be allotted to the lowest price proposal and compared among those consultants which obtain the threshold points in the evaluation of the technical component.

  • All other price proposals will receive points in inverse proportion to the lowest price;
  • Max. Score for Financial proposal

  • Price of lowest priced proposal
  • Score for price proposal X

    HOW TO APPLY

    To apply, click on the Apply link found either at the beginning or at the end. Submit the Cv and the that includes the methodological note and the financial proposal, the 3 references and a copy of a similar work.

  • In case of doubts please send your comments to at least 3 working days before the deadline.
  • Example : CLOSING DATE :

    CLOSING DATE :

    Applications must be received by 12TH of November 2018. The pre-selection of candidates will be done after closing date.

    Please note only selected candidates will be contacted.

    Remarks :

    Mobility is a condition of international professional employment with UNICEF and an underlying premise of the international civil service.

    Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted and advance to the next stage of the selection process.

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