The UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR CONSULTANT
VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN IN LAC STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
Level of experience : Junior 1-3yrs Medium X 4-10yrs Senior more than 10yrs
Location : UNICEF Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean LACRO
Language(s) required : Fluency (oral and written), required in Spanish and English
Closing date for applying to this consultancy : 12 November 2018
Estimated start date of this consultancy : 1 December 2018 Estimated end date : 30 May 2019
BACKGROUND AND JUSTIFICATION
The protection of children from all forms of violence is a fundamental right guaranteed by the Convention on the Rights of the Child and other international human rights treaties and standards.
Yet violence remains an all-too-real part of life for children around the globe regardless of their economic and social circumstances, culture, religion or ethnicity with both immediate and long-
term consequences. Children who have been severely abused or neglected are often hampered in their development, experience learning difficulties and perform poorly at school.
They may have low self-esteem and suffer from depression, which can lead, at worst, to risk behavior and self-harm. End of all forms of violence against children has been made an explicit target within SDG 16 (target 16.
2 calls for ending abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence and torture against children ).
Analyzing regional patterns of violence against children as well as attitudes and social norms related to VAC in Latin American the Caribbean could light on an issue that has remained largely undocumented.
Using available data to make violence against children and its many ramifications more visible will bring about a fuller understanding of its magnitude and nature and offering clues to its prevention.
Violence against children takes many forms, including physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, and may involve neglect or deprivation.
Violence occurs in many settings, including the home, school, community and over the Internet. Similarly, a wide range of perpetrators commit violence against children, such as family members, intimate partners, teachers, neighbors, strangers and other children.
To fully understand to what extent violence is suffered by children and adolescents in LAC, different forms of violence and settings should be explored :
Violent discipline at home is the most common form of violence experienced by children. While teaching children self-control and acceptable behavior is an integral part of child rearing in all cultures, many caregivers rely on the use of violent methods, both physical and psychological, to punish unwanted behaviors and encourage desired ones.
The availability of comparable data on caregivers’ use of violent discipline has significantly increased in the past two decades, mainly through the inclusion of a module on disciplinary methods in household surveys such as MICS or Demographic and Health surveys.
20 countries in the region currently have data to report on the SDG indicator 16.2.1 Proportion of children who experienced any physical punishment and / or psychological aggression by caregivers in the past month collected through the child discipline module developed by the MICS programme.
These relationships have the potential to contribute to a child’s sense of well-being and to social competence, but they are also associated with exposure to new forms of victimization.
Although peer violence can take many forms, available data suggest that bullying by schoolmates is by far the most common.
Although children of every age are susceptible, adolescence is a period of pronounced vulnerability, especially for girls.
In the LAC region where 1 out of 4 women are married before age 18, intimate partner violence is suffered daily by many adolescent girls below 18.
expanding social environment within and beyond their immediate networks, interacting with a wider array of people. The increased risk of victimization during adolescence is evident when looking at age-
related patterns of deaths due to violence. As children enter the second decade of their lives, the mortality rate from violence more than doubles what it had been during their first 10 years of life.
Latin America and the Caribbean is the only region that has seen an increase (albeit relatively small) in homicide rates among adolescents aged 10 to 19 since 2007.
Slightly less than 10% of the world’s adolescents live in the region, but nearly half of all homicides among adolescents in 2015 occurred in the region.
Other type of violence experienced by children for which little information is available in the region such as neglect, institutional violence or Internet-
related abuse such as cyberbullying or sex-testing)
Preventing violence against children also requires a major shift in what societies regard as acceptable practices. Beyond prevalence of VAC, analyzing current attitudes and the impact of social norms when it comes to violence, it is necessary to better understand the phenomenon.
Sources of information
In order to provide quantitative information on these areas, the consultant will use a mix of sources. Given the general lack of uniformity in the way data on violence against children are collected, one important source will be the information gathered through internationally comparable sources, including
Global Health Estimates produced by WHO (to estimate violent deaths)
The consultant is also expected to use country-specific surveys that can provide information on any of the covered areas (such as adolescents surveys, VAW or victimization surveys).
For further information on the available comparable data and methods of calculation, see United Nations Children’s Fund, A Familiar Face : Violence in the lives of children and adolescents, UNICEF, New York, 2017 and United Nations
Children’s Fund, Hidden in Plain Sight : A statistical analysis of violence against children, UNICEF, New York, 2014.
PURPOSE OF THE JOB
Under the joint supervision of the Regional Monitoring Specialist and the Regional Child Protection Specialist, UNICEF LAC RO is looking for a qualified and experienced professional to : a) Conduct in-
depth statistical analyses on the prevalence of the different types of violence in LAC region based on household, school surveys and administrative data b) Produce a final report with the main findings and recommendations that includes regional aggregates as well as country estimations c) Produce data snapshots on violence data for all countries in the region.
This consultancy aims at providing an overall picture of the violence experience by children in LAC region based on the available comparable data and relevant data collection initiatives conducted in the country.
To respond to this technical needs, the Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Office (LACRO) is hiring a social researcher with solid analytical skills on Violence data based on surveys and administrative data.
This analysis aims to inform child protection specialists in UNICEF LAC Region, as well as national government counterparts, academia, organizations, and agencies working on eradicating violence against children
MAIN TASKS RELATED TO THE JOB
The analysis plan should include an equity analysis of the different sources of information available to highlight existing disparities as well as undertaking bivariate and multivariate analysis aimed at finding correlations among different components that may influence violence.
The consultant is expected to collect and systematize available quantitative data on violence against children in LAC countries to :
DELIVERABLES TIMELINE AND PAYMENT
The duration for the contract is estimated to be 6 months starting on the date of the signature of the contract.
Payments will be made by UNICEF upon its review and approval of the deliverables submitted by the consultant. The payment and deliverable schedule will be as follows :
It should also include the list of datasets that will be included in the analysis (10%)
The final report should have the following characteristics :
QUALIFICATIONS AND SPECIALIZED KNOWLEDGE / EXPERIENCE REQUIRED
Master’s Degree or equivalent in a field related to Social Sciences, Demography, Statistics, Epidemiology, or other related technical field with significant measurement or analysis component.
Skills and Experience
CONSULTANTS WORK PLACE
The consultant could work from his / her home. No travel is required in this consultancy.
EVALUATION METHOD AND CRITERIA
Consultants will be evaluated based on a cumulative methodology, being the award of the contract made to the candidate whose offer has been evaluated and determined as :
2. Having received the highest score out of a pre-determined set of weighted technical and financial criteria specific to the solicitation.
Only candidates obtaining a minimum of 65 points (of the total technical points) would be considered for the Financial Evaluation.
For the technical assessment candidates must send :
Master’s Degree or equivalent in Social Sciences, Demography, Statistics, Epidemiology, or other related technical field with significant measurement or analysis component is required.
At least 8 years’ experience in the coordination and / or management of quantitative household surveys.
Expertise in statistical analyses (familiarity with data processing and data analysis software, SPSS highly desirable)
Analytical and writing skills in Spanish or English
Experience analyzing data on VAC
Knowledge of the LAC region
Total Maximum obtained for Technical Criteria
Note : the total maximum score must be equivalent to the weight assigned to the technical score)
Minimum score for technical compliance
A financial proposal that includes the daily fee for the assignment and number of days available per year must be submitted.
The total amount of points allocated for the economic component is 20. The maximum number of points will be allotted to the lowest price proposal and compared among those consultants which obtain the threshold points in the evaluation of the technical component.
Max. Score for Financial proposal
Score for price proposal X
HOW TO APPLY
To apply, click on the Apply link found either at the beginning or at the end. Submit the Cv and the that includes the methodological note and the financial proposal, the 3 references and a copy of a similar work.
Example : CLOSING DATE :
CLOSING DATE :
Applications must be received by 12TH of November 2018. The pre-selection of candidates will be done after closing date.
Please note only selected candidates will be contacted.
Mobility is a condition of international professional employment with UNICEF and an underlying premise of the international civil service.
Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted and advance to the next stage of the selection process.